I'm a Model T Junkie, but I also found this interesting. This post got a bit fragmented in the copy/paste process. How many parts can we make out of this stuff for our T's? Would band linings made from it crack the drums??
NOW COMES GRAPHENE: (So strong you can suspend an elephant on a single strand)
200 times stronger than steel...
150,000 times thinner than a human hair...
More flexible than a sheet of paper
You may have heard about Graphene. If you haven't, it's a newly discovered, very special refined form of graphite. It's a one-atom-thick sheet of densely packed carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb lattice.
Put simply, it's a sheet of carbon atoms 150,000 times thinner than a human hair. Under a powerful microscope, it looks like chicken wire. But what's so special about it?
For starters, it's 200 times stronger than structural steel; it's so strong you could suspend an elephant from a single strand of Graphene, and the strand would not break.
It's extremely lightweight. Soon, everything from bicycles and boats to airplanes and cars could be made out of graphene composites. And when they are, their energy efficiency and durability could skyrocket.
But, that's just the beginning of what this new 'smart material' can do. Not only is it the strongest material researchers have ever tested, it's also one of the best conductors man has ever found. IBM has already created a graphene-based processor capable of executing 100 billion cycles per second. Researchers believe that in the future, a graphene credit card could store as much information as today's computers.
This one material alone could prove more revolutionary than — and soon REPLACE — plastic, Kevlar and the silicon chip. In fact, it's such a breakthrough that the first two scientists to successfully produce single-atom-thick crystals of graphene were awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics.
In just two years, over 200 companies from a wide array of industries have researched the magical potential of graphene:
Scientists in the US and Chinaare already using tiny graphene-based probes to target and identify tumors in live mice. They hope similar graphene-based particles could shuttle cancer drugs to tumors, or even kill tumor cells directly.
Engineers at Northwest University, Seattle, found that specially crafted graphene electrodes could allow a lithium-ion battery, like those found in your smartphone or Toyota Prius, to charge 10 times faster and hold 10 times more power.
And in 2011, chemists at Rice University, Houston, created graphene-based thin films, unlocking the secret to incredibly flexible, super-durable touch screens and solar cells that can wrap around just about anything.
Kiss goodbye to shattered screens
Samsung has already said its flexible displays should enter full-scale production later this year, and it expects to have a dozen more graphene based products on the market within the next five.
IBM, Nokia and Apple are hot on their heels too.
Touch screens, processor chips, casings, and batteries (in everything from PCs and HD TVs to tablets), mobile phones and hybrids could all be made with graphene.
It could change entire industries, economies, and our lives.
Imagine HD TVs as thin as wallpaper, Smart phones so skinny and flexible you can roll them up and put them behind your ear,and so durable you can beat them with a hammer!
Imagine if you could eliminate breast cancer or prostate tumors with a simple injection or by swallowing a graphene-charged pill.
Imagine if your house were strong enough to withstand a bush fire, and your windows processed enough solar energy to heat your home in winter and cool it in the summer. Or if your car were 6 times lighter and 20 times stronger.
The effects would be staggering!
Fuel-efficiency would shoot through the roof.
People would live longer, healthier lives.
Cars and airplanes would be lighter, faster and safer than ever before.
And electronics of every type would be launched into an era of unprecedented growth and evolution.
This is just a taste of the cutting-edge innovations coming in the Molecular Age, innovations that will reshape the future in the months and years ahead, and it's starting now.
You're looking at a simultaneous eruption of new-age technologies that will alter our lives on a scale not seen for 100 years
All this technological change and innovation will transform the world. 'Nano batteries' will charge your mobile in seconds, and even power whole cities. 'Smartphones' will carry the computing power of IBM's Watson Supercomputer. A new era of computing mobility — none of the solid rectangular things we carry now but flexible, wearable devices. Handheld 'breathalyzers' willdiagnose disease in seconds.
Bionic limbs with human fluidity and dexterity, but the strength of Superman.
Spacecraft with the capacity to take us beyond our solar system into places and worlds never explored.
Down at the molecular level there's a lot of friction. Particles can stick together really easily. This means new and complicated structures can be formed.
Today scientists are experimenting with different conditions to see what sorts of new molecular structures they can create.
The results are astonishing. Some look like thin wires...Some look like pancakes...Others look like flowers...
All these different molecular structures have different properties. And soon they'll change the way we live: from solar panels you can spray onto your roof, to computers and batteries so small they are invisible, from mobile phones that you can stretch, twist and even imbed into your clothing, they'll make stronger houses, tougher cars, and even make us healthier.
Medical researchers are already looking at using nano-particles to deliver drugs or hunt down cancerous tumors.
Just imagine 'nano medicines' patrolling your body, hunting down diseases and zapping problems as soon as they arise.
Sounds like the King's new suit.
While I'll take this with a grain of salt, just think what some one of just 100 years ago would say if they had explained to them how life would be changed by mass produced inexpensive cars, electricity, telephones, television, the internet and cell phones. Those were just fantasies at that time.
The future holds life changing technology we can only dream about.
Just one prediction that came true. Dick Tracy's wrist phone. We have that in today's cell phones.
Graphene was removed from the space ship when it crashed at Roswell. The military has used it since 1984
They probably said the same sorts of things about plastic...
"The sky's the limit" they say. I read about this stuff a while back, and it sounds pretty amazing. The reason electric cars lost the race for popularity in the early 20th century was the primitive batteries they had, and batteries are the limiting factor for electric vehicles today. If folks can make batteries using this material which are 1/10th the weight of today's batteries and can store 10 times the energy, that'd be a real game changer.
We'd better start storing up gasoline for our Model T's while it's still being produced. (See how I brought this thread back "on topic"?)
Graphene is one of the crystalline forms of carbon, alongside diamond, graphite, carbon nanotubes and fullerenes. In this material, carbon atoms are arranged in a regular hexagonal pattern. Graphene can be described as a one-atom thick layer of the layered mineral graphite. High-quality graphene is very strong, light, nearly transparent, and an excellent conductor of heat and electricity. Its interaction with other materials and with light, and its inherently two-dimensional nature, produce unique properties.
At the time of its isolation in 2004, many researchers studying carbon nanotubes were already well familiar with the composition, structure and properties of graphene, which had been calculated decades earlier. The combination of familiarity, extraordinary properties and surprising ease of isolation enabled an explosion in graphene research. Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov at the University of Manchester won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010 "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene".
Carbon is just such a facinating matter.