An earlier thread mentioned the Selden patent and cars with Selden badges. This list of Selden patent compliant companies was published in major newspapers. The Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers (A.L.A.M.) members were reported to pay five percent of retail cost per car to be a "member". An example, for a $4,000 Thomas Flyer, Thomas would pay $200 per car. This doesn't seem like a lot, except in today's dollars that is in the neighborhood of $5,000!
According to this entry in the Ford Motor Company board of directors minutes, FMC had the option to join the A.L.A.M. as of June 1904, and declined:
Acc 512, The Henry Ford