I have been running this made for a Model T air cleaner on our 1927 speedster for several years now and was wondering if it really is cleaning the air going into the engine.
So do you think this keeps the fine dust out of your intake or just the big chunks, or neither??
Here it is with the heat stove attached
With the heat stove removed.
Here's The Patent Write up.
J. P. QUAM.
AIR CLEANING DEVICE.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT- 2,192].
Patented Dec. 12, 1922.
' application for Patented Dec. 12, W22.
entree stares Parent name,
JAMES P. GUAM, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR T0 EDWARD M. AIDAIZIS, OF CHICAGO,
Application filed. September 2, 1921.
Z '0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, JAMES P. QUAM, a citizen of the United States of America, and a resident of Chicago, county of Cook, and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Air-Cleaning Devices, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to centrifugal separators having many different industrial applications but the device as here illustrated is intended particularly for the work of insuring a clean air supply to an internal combustion engine. It is well known that the dirt entering the carburetor and. cylinders 2f the engine of a tractor has a ruinous efect. to the neglect of providing suficient water for the ordinary air washer with which tractors are commonly equipped or in some cases, as with most road vehicles, due to the entire absence of any means for separating the dust from .the air.
The aim of the present invention is to overcome defects of operation of centrifugal separators, and the costly construction of air washing devices now commonly in use. Centrifugal separators as heretofore constructed are not sufliciently eflicient for the work of removing almost impalpable dust from air as can be done by the' present device, and air washing devices, 'as a rule,
are comparatively expensive, are subject to. freezlng, interfere with the desired operation of the engine, and must be frequently filled-With water or if this is neg-v lected, as is frequently the case, the engine is very much damaged if not practically ruined because of the entrance of dirt in the cylinders, not only resulting in so-called objectionable carbon deposit on the cylinder walls but causing excessive wear.
The objects of the present invention were .to a great extent obtained by a centrifugal separator disclosed in applicants co-pending patent, Serial No. 414,700, filed October 4th, 1920, but the present invention differs from the prior one mainly in that the prior device was designed to sepa- The dirt is drawn into the engine due Serial No. 497,873.
through the device to the carburetor of the engine, whereas in the present case the 'dust is not collected but merely -thrown outside of the engine so as to avoid the bother of requiring any inspection or emptying of the dust receptacle. The present device also avoids the necessity of attaining an ultimate complete separation of the dirt from the air but by centrifugal action divides all of the incoming air into inner and outer strata, the outer stratum containing the dust and being delivered outside of the engine while the inner stratum is pureand is permitted to enter the carburetor.
element which subjects the air passing through the casing to centrifugal action, a portion of the air containingthe solid particles being caused to pass out through 'a suitable outlet to theatmosphere and the cleansed air being extracted from the casing through another outlet which is connected with the aforesaid suction device. Theinvention is particularly suitable for attachment to the carburetor of an internal combustion engine and especially where such engines are in service where a considerable amount of dust-would otherwise be drawn through the carburetor and injected into the engine cylinders.
In the specific embodiment hereinillustrated, the device comprises a casing-1"ar-. ranged upon the end of a conduit 2 and a rotor 3 adapted to be driven by a propeller 4 for the purpose of subjecting the air pass:
ing through the casing to centrifugal action.
The casing 1 is of cylindrical shape, open at both ends so as to'provide an inlet 5 and an outlet 6, one end of the casing being arched inwardly toward the inlet 5. A coarse mesh wire guard 7 extends across the inlet 5 for safety and to prevent anything from entering the opening which might cause damage to the device.
The conduit 2 extends inwardly from the to a narrow annular ring-like opening and at the same time provide a separatingchamber 10 between the partition and the rotor 3 surrounding the open end 8 of said conduit. The opposite end of the conduit 2 is suitably arranged for connection to the inlet of the suction device such as a carburetor.
The rotor 3 comprises a frusto-conical member 11 having vanes 12 arranged upon the exterior thereofand journaled upon the shaft 13, and provided with a propeller 4 by which said rotor is driven.
The Y frusto-conical member 11 is arranged so that it coacts with the arched end of the casing 1 to provide an inwardly tapering passage 15 leading from the inlet 5 to the chamber 10 so that said passage has the effect of a nozzle upon the air as it is caused to move centrifugally inwardly toward the chamber 10. The vanes 12 conform, more or less, to the shape of the passage 15 and are rigidly secured in a suitable manner upon the member 11.
The rotatable unit comprising the rotor 4, frusto-conical member 11 with vanes 12 is supported by a ball 17 between the upper end of the fixed vertical spindle or shaft 13 and a cap 18 in threaded engagement with a sleeve 19 surrounding the spindle and rigid with the rotatable unit. The supporting spindle 13 projects upwardly from a spider 20 formed in the upper end 8 of the conduit 2 and therefore serves not only to support the rotatable unit, but as a guide bearing to prevent vibration or said unit.
The propeller 4 comprises a plurality of blades rigidly secured to the lower end of a fitting 21 secured to the member 11. These blades are shaped so that the air drawn through the device causes a rotationof the member 11.
The operation of the device herein shown and described is substantially as follows The passage of air through the casing 1 caused by suction means attached to the conduit 2, reacts on the propeller 4 so as to rotate the rotor 3. This results in a greater passage of air through the inlet 5 than through conduit 2. The air is moved centrifugally and axially inwardly through the passage 15, the velocity thereof increasing as it approaches the more restricted inner part of the passage. By virtue of the cen-' trifugal action, the particles of dust, dirt,
asses etc., are of course thrown outwardly against the inner periphery of the casing 1. As the air leaves the passage 15 and enters the enlarged chamber 10, it attains its maximum velocity and pressure as crowded by the vanes 12 and its projected downwardly toward the restricted outlet 6 but the inner pure stratum of -air is drawn or curled inwardly and upwardly to the open end 8 of the conduit 2 and out/through the conduit by the suction of the engine. The outer stratum of air within the chamber 10 which contains the dust, dirt and other particles is forced downwardly and out through the restricted outlet 6 by the continuously incoming air. Any particles of dust or dirt that fall upon the frusto-conical partition 9, are of course caused to move down and out through the opening 6.
The dust laden air moves through the opening 6 with suflicient velocity to preclude the possibility of any of this air being drawn inwardly by the action of the suction device or engine connected to the conduit 2. The discharge of the dust, dirt and unclean air through the restricted outlet 6 to the atmosphere obviates the necessity of having a receptacle which requires more or less attention in seeing that it is frequently emptied and also obviates the possibility of the device not functioning to properly clean the air as is often the case when devices using receptacles do not have such receptacles frequently emptied or become broken and inasmuch as separation of dust from air is not wholly relied upon in the present device but merely the exclusion of dust containing air is insured, the action is rapid and nearly" from other centrifugal separators not only,
by the decided increase in annular velocity at which it compels the air to travel, over its initial entering speed, but by delivering the dust laden air inja jet with suflicient momentum to permit the use of an outlet to the atmosphere and preclude the entrance of air at this outlet.
Although but one specific embodiment of this invention has been herein shown and described, it will be understood that numerous details of the construction shown may be altered or omitted without departing from the spirit of this invention alsdefined by the following claims.
I claim: I
1. An air cleaning device, comprising a casing having an inlet at one end and a pair of concentrically arranged outlets at the other end, the outer of said outlets communicating directly with the atmosphere, a fan rotor journaled in said casing adjacent to said inlet and adapted to be rotated to draw air in through said inlet and project messes it centrifugally and axially with respect to said casing, and a conduit adapted to con nect the other said outlet to a suction means for drawing air from the interior of'said casing.
2. An air cleaning device, comprising a casing having an inlet at one end and a pair. of concentrically arranged outlets at the other end, the outer of said outlets communicating directly with the atmosphere, a rotor journaled in said casing adjacent to said inlet, a propeller carried by said rotor and adapted to be actuated by air drawn through said casing for rotating said rotor, means on said rotor adapted to facilitate suction of air through said inlet and project it centrifugally and axially with respect to said casing, and a conduit adapted to connect the other said outlet to a suction means for drawing air through said casing.
3. An air cleaning device, comprising a casing having an inlet at one end and a,
pair of concentrically arranged outlets at the other end, the outer of said outlets communicating directly with the atmosphere, and the other of which is located axially inwardly of the outer outlet, a rotor journaled in said casing adjacent to said inlet and coactingwith said casing to provide a chamber surrounding said other outlet between said outer outlet and said rotor, a
' propeller carried by said rotor and adapted to be actuated by air drawn through said casing for rotating said rotor, meansv on said rotor adapted to facilitate suction of air through said inlet and project it centrifugally and axially with respect to said casing into said chamber, and a conduit adapted to' connect the other said outlet to a suction means for drawing air through said casing.
4. An air cleaning device, comprising a a casing open at both ends to provide an inlet and an outlet, a conduit extending into said casing and having its open end located intermediate said inlet and outlet, a rotor journaled in-said ,casing'adjacent to said inlet and adapted to be rotated by air drawn through said casing, means on said rotor for -facilitating the suction of air through said inlet and projecting the air centrifugally and axially toward said outlet, and other means adjacent to said outlet restricting the area thereof and providing a chamber between said outlet and said rotor and surrounding said conduit end.
said rotor adapted todraw air in through said inlet and project it ccntrifugally and axially with respect to said casing, and a partition extending from said conduit radially outwardxtoward'said casing so as to re-' strict the area of, said outlet-'and p'rovide a chamberinwardly thereof surrounding said conduit end. l
6. An air cleaning device, comprising a casing open at bothends to provide an inlet and-an outlet, a conduitfextending,into said casing and having its'open'end located 111- termediate said inlet and outlet, a rotor. journaled in said casing adjacent'to said nlet, said casing and rotorbeing shaped and arranged relatively to eachother so that the passage between them adually tapers inwardly apropeller carr ed by said rotor and adapted said casing for rotating said rotor, vanes on said rotor adapted to draw air in through said inlet and project it 'centrifugally and axially with respect tosaid casing, and a partition extending from said conduit radially outward toward said casing so as to restrict the area of said outlet and provide a chamber inwardly thereof surrounding said conduit end. I
7. An air'cleaning device, comprising a cylindrical casingopen at both ends so as to provide an inlet and an outlet, said casto'be actuated'by air'drawn through ing being arched inwardly at the inlet end,
a conduit extending into said casing and having its open end located intermediate said inlet and outlet, a frusto-conical member journaled within said casing adjacent to said inlet, whereby the opposed faces of said arched casin and member provide an inwardly taperln passage leading from said inlet, a pro e1 er carriedby said memberto be actuated by air drawnend. i r 8. An air cleaning device,",comprising a cylindrical casing open at both ends so as to provide an inlet and an outlet, said casing being arched inwardly at the inlet end, a conduit extending into said casing fromjthe outlet end thereof and having its open end located intermediate said inlet and outlet,
a frusto-conical member journaled within said casing adjacent to said inlet, whereby the opposed faces of said arched casing and member provide an. inwardly tapering passage leading from said inlet, a propeller carried by-said member and adapted to be its actuated by air drawnthrough said casing for rotating said member, vanes mounted on the exterior of said member and adapted to draw air in through said inlet and project it c-entrifugally and axially with respect to said casing, and a frusto-conical partition arranged in the outlet end of said casing and extending from said conduit end radially outward and axially downward so as to restrict the area of said outlet and provide a chamber inwardly thereof surrounding said conduit end. I
9. A centrifugal separator of the class described comprising a casing having an inlet, andan inner and an outer outlet, the outer outlet communicating directly with the atmosphere, a rotor journale-d in said casingarranged to be driven by air or other fluid passing through said casing and cause said air to divide so that that portion of the air which contains heavier than air particles will be projected outwardly and pass through said outer outlet, due to its velocity while the pure air near the center is passed through the inner outlet.
1 10. A centrifugal separator of the class described comprising a casing provided with an inlet and an inner and an outer outlet, a rotor journale-d within said casing and adapted to be driven by air or other fluid passed through the casing, vanes on said rotor for roducing a whirling action of the air passlng through the casing and throw the heavier air or dust laden air outwardly with sufficient velocity to pass through said outer outlet irrespective of the travel of pure air through the inner outlet.
11. A separator of the class described, comprising a casing having an inlet and two outlets, said outlets being spaced apart radially with respect to the axis of the easing, a rotor within said casing arranged to impart a whirling motion to air passing from the inlet to the outlets, said rotor and casing being formed to provide a nozzle shaped passageway directing the air toward said outer outlet, and an inclined partition between the rotor and outer outlet for providing a settling chamber and restricting said other outlet.
12. A separator of the class described, comprising a casing having an inlet and two outlets, said outlets being spaced apart radially with respect to the axis of the casing, a rotor within said casing arranged to be rotated by and impart a whirling motion to air passing from the inlet to the outlets, said rotor and easing being formed to provide a nozzle shaped passageway directing the air toward said outer outlet, and an inclined partition between the rotor and outer outlet for providing a settling chamber and restricting said outer outlet.
Signed at Chicago this 30th day of August, 1921.
. JAMES P. QUAM.
Forgot the patent drawing.
I didn't read all the patent stuff but the pics look pretty similar to how modern bag-less vacuum cleaners work. If you spin the air the heavier particles end up slinging to the outside.
It'd be really neat to hook your intake up to a shop vac with a clean filter, fire it up and then sprinkle some dirt and dust over it and see how much ends up on the ground versus what ends up in the vacuum's filter. Try some stuff from what you sweep up in your garage to bigger chunks. My initial reaction is it probably does a decent job on the bigger stuff that doesn't just float in the air.
I figure it is a LOT better than nothing!! Especially at road speeds. At a idle it probably doesn't do much
The design looks sound. I bet it works well.
I would love to find one of those (hint to the lurking ebay sellers)!
Theoretically it should work. However, I doubt that the intake velocity, even with an induced spin, would be great enough to separate out the fine dust particles that you would want to eliminate. It should exclude heavier particles, but, by virtue of being heavier, those might not travel all the way up the intake anyway.
As others have suggested: it can't hurt and it probably does eliminate some dirt.
Jay, how does it attach to the carburetor? Is it just a snug push fit, or is there some kind of clamping device?
Dodge Brothers vehicles used an air cleaner like this on their '26-'27 "Slow-Four" engines. They may have used it on other models also.
There was no heat stove on the Dodge Brothers applications as the air passed through the block and was heated that way.
Pretty neat accessory.
Here is a modern version:
My dad always used to joke about those keeping out the "small rocks and low-flying birds".
I doubt they really help much, I have seen industrial engines that ran that type of filter in dusty working conditions, and never saw that much dust accumulate inside one. I have seen some where an oiled cloth was put inside around the can. That way the spun dust has something to stick to, and if changed regularly probably would help a lot more.
Generally, I don't worry too much about air filters on antique cars. Maybe if you intend to give Dean Yoder some serious competition? Or of course if your circumstances have you doing a LOT of driving on dirt roads. Dust is cumulative damage. 30,000 miles on dusty roads without an air-filter can destroy an engine. But most of us do less than a couple thousand miles a year total, and maybe a hundred miles of dirt road.
Yes, a good air-filter will extend the life of any engine some. Maybe. But most antique engines will need to be torn down, and rings changed out of general principals, for some other reason long before the lack of an air-filter will seriously damage the rings.
If I had a good looking vintage one of that type? I would run it on a car just because it is a neat accessory. Besides, it might also keep mice out of your intake manifold. Mud dauber wasps are another matter.
Drive carefully, and enjoy, W2
Whether it works or not is immaterial. It's a neat period accessory and adds a little charm to your car.
What Ted said.
Yup, what Ted said !!!
I disagree with Ted, it does matter, if it does not clean the air going into the engine, you will experience premature engine failure. In areas where it does not rain everyday, the dust in the air is very abrasive and can ruin an engine in a few hundred miles if not sooner. When Mt. St. Helens blew in 1980, many people in Washington state who did not maintain their air filters, found that their car engines were ruined in a very short time. We use a similar type of cyclonic air cleaner on farm tractors, they do reduce that amount of dirt that goes into the air filter, but they do not remove it all.
Jay, Although they didn't say Cyclonic on them, the air cleaners that came on some Dodges in the twenties seemed to use the same principle. The one in this picture attached to a Stromberg OE-1 carburetor, reportedly came off a 1928 Dodge. It looks like nothing more than a tin can, but is louvered and has a inch and a quarter tube inside punched full of small holes, much like the pipe inside a glass packed muffler, but without any insulation.
Mark,It's not a tight fit in the carb intake. It's the bracket that holds it in place.
Very convenient that it collects nothing. No way to prove it is working, no way to prove it isn't.
Yep, what Ted said and not Gustaf.
Seth explained a valid way to prove if it works or not. Bear in mind, my opinion only applies to cars that are going to be driven, not to trailer queens
For me to believe it's working, there would have to be signs of dirt or at least some signs of particle blasting on the inside of the cover bell. (At fan level or just below it) If it doesn't show that then it's probably not spinning fast enough to remove anything.
I agree with Ken. If the filter is working then the amount of accumulated dirt underneath it will be more dense than other areas around the engine. How does is look there?
Thanks Jay, now I see the bracket, it's almost invisible when the unit is installed. It looks more secure than the brass strap that I'm currently using on my Clinton air cleaner setup, I think I'll try to fabricate something similar for mine.